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Untitled Document

ABOUT OUR DENOMINATOR

"I do not deny the torch...even it's fog, or if it's storm: the torch is saint." THE NOVEL OF ONE LIFE - ZSIGMOND MÓRICZ

The beginnings

Zsigmond Móricz was born in Tiszacsécse on the 29th of June in 1879. His father was Bálint Móricz, his mother was Erzsébet Pallagi. Zsigmond was only 6 years old when his family had to escape from his birthplace, which is called : "Happy Islands". They settled down in Túristvándi where especially Jókai's work impressed to the little Zsigmond. That was the first time he felt, that he would like to be a writer. The misery was more and more unbearable. He was vulnerable, and this determined his school-days in Debrecen. The first book he bought from his own money was a Csokonai volume. It was not by chance because he believed that the poets are the greatest men.

His refuge was the family

His sensitive spirit began to get free: he debuted in the school literary with his own poets, narrations and he performed on public feasts. He was elected the leader of the students' welfare organization too. During the 1900's there were not any possibilities to write in Hungary. Wit the help of his uncle so he could try himself at a newspaper with is called "Az újság" where he answered to the letters from the little readers in a child column as "Grandpa". However his environment thought that he was talentless in his work. He started to believe the hard criticisms and felt and felt the pressure like the hundredweight on his shoulder: " I felt the vapidity and shallowness of my own writings." The death meant the only escape for him. Eugenia Holics was the girl who pulled out him from the deep. She was well-known as Janka in the writer-wives. They got married in 1905. Móricz commemorated about his meeting with his wife in a novel, called Fáklya. One year later their son, Bandika was born but he was only 8 months when he dead unexpectedly due to meningitis. One year later a boy was born again, he got the name Bandika also.

The "Hét Krajcár" and the "Nyugat"

His first juvenile novel "Pipacsok a tengeren"was published in 1908. He collected folk songs and folk tales between 1903 and 1907. Erno Osvát asked Móricz to write in the Nyugat. (This was a literary periodical.) The death of the second boy impacted him the Hét Krajcár. It based on their parents' miserable life in Prügy. He gave seven pennies to his mother for dinner and to have paraffin in the petroleum lamp. Searching of the pennies making them laughing but at the same time the suffering soul is described in the story.

1908 year was the success for him. "Such a man arrived who we have been waiting for a long time." - written by Dezso Kosztolányi. His novels were published in sequences in periodicals and after then in books also. His drama, the "Sári bíró" was a great success in the National Theatre. Their daughter, Virág was born in 1909. Móricz suddenly became a rich man but he managed well with the money and time as well. He got on well with Ady because their minds were on the same pages. Ady enraptured him irresistibly as a whirlpool. Both of them were admirer of each other. Móricz admired the flaming intellectuality in Ady, Ady admired the strong squat little Hungarian in Móricz. Endre Ady specified Móricz's mission in his writing: "Levél-féle Móricz Zsigmondhoz":

" Intended to be a priest, but free lark Holy Scripture man, whose the writing is saint"

Nyugat published his writings that caused rebellion between the people: the "Isten háta mögött" was declaration for the conservative civil public. From his writing career was loud not only success but scandal too. At this time his new play "Ludas Matyi" was completed but none of the theaters was about to play it in the country. His wife, Janka was the only fix point in his life, ensuring the calm background for work to her husband. The peaceful creative period was ended with the beginning of the world war. Móricz could not fulfill the military service because of his cardiac dysfunction. At that time he wrote gloomy short narratives. His biggest historical narrative was the "Szegény emberek" but his novel fraction, the "Fáklya " was also completed during the world war, wherein he was dealing with himself like his main character Miklós Matolcsy. After the war it had to be created a new world to have enough land, food and clothes for everybody. The Aster Revolution could not satisfy the democratic claims of the people so the Hungarian Soviet Republic got the power on 21th of March in 1919. Ady was died in 1920, Móricz said the farewell to him on behalf of the writers. Even in the retaliation period he was fighting for the rising up of the. He was shocked to hear that the revolution was failed. His mission was composed the following way:

"I do not deny the torch...even it's fog, or if it's storm: the torch is saint."

The years of the success - "Légy jó mindhalálig"

After the Kisfaludy Society had excluded him from its members, he started to write the "Légy jó mindhalálig". He liked this novel wherein his sufferings were shown. Only the mysteries of a child's heart could show this feelings that time. The "Légy jó mindhalálig" became the food such as a piece of bread of every spirits off adult adult and young equally.

His novel writer career begun to rise. In 1934 his 3 volumes work was completed called "Erdély" the main character Gábor Bethlen. The "Tündérkert" was published in 1922. The inspiring of this work was the country that had lost the 2/3 of it territory. So the dreamt "Tündérkert" was burned up by foreign armies.

On the peak of his career his wife, Janka commited suicide because she could not stand that she isn not the muse of the writer any more. Móricz dramatized his novels for plays too but the people were not to delighted that's way it failed. He was interested in the countryside, gentleman world and the mode of gentry life. This inspired the magneficent short-novels called "Úri-muri" or "Esoleso társaság". After Osvát's suicide in 1929 roll to lead the "Nyugat" was dedicated to Móricz and Babits in 1929. Móricz undertook the editing of the literature periodical even more he organised rural literature nights and established the "Circle of the Nyugat friends .

On twillight of his life

He modified his novel, narrative, short-story technique in the last decades of his life because the reality desired new mechanical, lingual solving. The new short story, "Barbárok" was written by this new style, in which the goodness and the wickedness were clashed. It is a masterwork with full of tension.

One day he met with a little girl, Erzsike, going through the Szabadság-bridge. Her appearance was poor and she was an orphan. Móricz supported her. He gave her food and clothes. He adopted her as his daughter. She was named "Csibe" because of her tinkling voice. Csibe's name entered the literature in 1936. "Árvácska" was inspired from her.

He was charged with editing of "Kelet Népe" and he set up wide writing ground around it. His literature anthology, the Magveto was published more than 10.000 issues. It was mentioned repeatedly as a "live book" by the literature. His sadness and most painful writing The "Árvácska" was issued in this divided into psalm - sections. It got good criticism but Móricz thought the opposite of it because where people are humiliated and tread down there is no beauty there.

He travelled and relaxed a lot on twilight of his life because he was exhausted spiritually. The race was begun against the time and death. His daughter, Lili remembered the moment of his death in this way: "Fire-roses and buzzing planes were on the sky. The first air-raid was above Budapest. By the time the dreadful music had been heard, Zsigmond Móricz was died at 3 am on 4th of September in 1942."

(Source: Tamás, Kiss: Így élt Móricz Zsigmond, Bp., Móra, 1979)

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